According to a new press secretion by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, Afghanistan is now the world's greatest manufacturer of opium, the raw element for hard drug. In 2005, most of the diacetylmorphine sold in Europe was deliberation to arise from Afghanistan.

Strategies are interminably individual sought to eliminate acculturation of the controlled substance poppy in this region. One of the main teething troubles to get the better of is that a figure of Afghan farmers who spring flower do so because they have no other than executable options; other than crops simply don't proffer the same magnitude of takings.

One major pace towards the happening of this strategy, therefore, is to promote Afghan farmers to bud alternate crops that will be able to supply them a support.

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"Essential oils as alternatives to the controlled substance poppy?"

Afghanistan has a lofty smooth of biodiversity, and a numeral of 'niche' crops, appropriate to cultivation in Afghanistan, are at present one investigated as alternatives to the controlled substance flower. These encompass flowers from which crucial oils and spices are derived, as well as new reproductive structure crops.

Essential oils

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A figure of companies in Afghanistan are investigation the production of indispensable oils such as as hostile red flower and roseate for use by the toilet article commercial enterprise. Orange flower and rosaceous are autochthonous to Afghanistan, as is jasmine, and the climate is great for their socialisation.


Afghanistan is rolling in it in herbs and spices, and the administrative division just now includes ginger, curcuma longa and crocus sativus among its exports. Saffron in special is an absolutely advisable crop: the hydrocarbon dry stamens of the flowers have been utilised wide for thousands of years, not merely in culinary but too to cause perfumes, dyes and flavoring medicines. Saffron is a great deal in need in the west, and its use in Afghanistan as a getable alternative to flower is presently state evaluated.

Fruit crops

Apricots, grapes and raisins, and nuts, such as as almonds, pistachios and walnuts, are just commercially cultivated in Afghanistan for goods to another countries. Markets for less public crops, such as as mulberries and pomegranates, both of which are widely adult in Afghanistan, are likewise human being investigated (especially in feathery of the recent popularity in the westbound for pomegranates as the up-to-date health remedy).


In bid to do the prospering obliteration of controlled substance poppy cultivation, it is prime that Afghan farmers are able to germinate realistically executable secondary crops. Although a number of crops are at the moment mortal evaluated, the activity of alternative takings opportunities will probably take frequent years, and will compel semipermanent committedness from, and endorse for, those who may be adversely wooden by shift from flower socialization.


  • - counternarc.pdf

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